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基于fileUpload文件上传带进度条效果的实例(必看)

文件上传过程中,如果我们能看到进度条会更好,实现思路是服务器端用监听器实时监听进度并存入session,客户端异步请求服务器端获得上传进度,并进行效果渲染。

效果图:

服务器端servlet:

public class UploadServlet extends HttpServlet {
  @Override
  protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
      throws ServletException, IOException {
    //取出监听器MyProgress在session中保存的进度信息
    String progress=(String) req.getSession().getAttribute("progress");
    //响应
    resp.getWriter().print(progress);
    //清除session中保存的数据
//    req.getSession().removeAttribute("progress");
  }
  @Override
  protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
      throws ServletException, IOException {
    req.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
    DiskFileItemFactory factory=new DiskFileItemFactory();
    ServletFileUpload upload=new ServletFileUpload(factory);
    upload.setProgressListener(new MyProgressListener(req));
    try {
      List<FileItem> list = upload.parseRequest(req);
      for (FileItem fileItem : list) {
        if (fileItem.isFormField()) {//普通表单
        }else{//上传文件
          String path=req.getRealPath("uploads");
          String fileName=fileItem.getName();
          File file=new File(path, fileName);
          fileItem.write(file);
          System.out.println("成功上传文件:"+fileName);
        }
      }
    } catch (Exception e) {
      System.out.println("文件上传发生错误!");
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }
}

服务器端监听器:

public class MyProgressListener implements ProgressListener {
  private HttpSession session;
  public MyProgressListener(HttpServletRequest request){
    session = request.getSession();
  }
  @Override
  public void update(long pBytesRead, long pContentLength, int pItems) {
    //将数据进行格式化
    //已读取数据由字节转换为M
    double readM=pBytesRead/1024.0/1024.0;
    //已读取数据由字节转换为M
    double totalM=pContentLength/1024.0/1024.0;
    //已读取百分百
    double percent=readM/totalM;
    
    //格式化数据
    //已读取
    String readf=dataFormat(pBytesRead);
    //总大小
    String totalf=dataFormat(pContentLength);
    //进度百分百
    NumberFormat format=NumberFormat.getPercentInstance();
    String progress=format.format(percent);
    
    //将信息存入session
    session.setAttribute("progress", progress);
    
    //打印消息到控制台
    System.out.println("pBytesRead===>"+pBytesRead);
    System.out.println("pContentLength==>"+pContentLength);
    System.out.println("pItems===>"+pItems);
    System.out.println("readf--->"+readf);
    System.out.println("totalf--->"+totalf);
    System.out.println("progress--->"+progress);
  }
  /**
   * 格式化读取数据的显示
   * @param data要格式化的数据 单位byte
   * @return 格式化后的数据,如果小于1M显示单位为KB,如果大于1M显示单位为M
   */
  public String dataFormat(double data){
    String formdata="";
    if (data>=1024*1024) {//大于等于1M
      formdata=Double.toString(data/1024/1024)+"M";
    }else if(data>=1024){//大于等于1KB
      formdata=Double.toString(data/1024)+"KB";
    }else{//小于1KB
      formdata=Double.toString(data)+"byte";
    }
    return formdata.substring(0, formdata.indexOf(".")+2);
  }

}

客户端:

<html>
 <head>
  <base href="<%=basePath%>" rel="external nofollow" >
  
  <title>带进度条的文件上传效果</title>
  <meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
  <meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
  <meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">  
  <meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">
  <meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page">
  <style type="text/css">
    #progressBar{width: 300px;height: 20px;border: 1px #EEE solid;}
    #progress{width: 0%;height: 20px;background-color: lime;}
  </style>
  <script type="text/javascript" src="js/jquery-1.4.2.js"></script>
  <script type="text/javascript">
    function upload(){
      $("#f1").submit();
      var pro=null;
      pro=setInterval(function(){
        $.get("UploadServlet","",function(data){
          if(data=='100%'){
            clearInterval(pro);
            $("#proInfo").text("上传进度:100%");
             //更新进度条
            $("#progress").width("100%");
          }else{//正在上传
            //更新进度信息
            $("#proInfo").text("上传进度:"+data);
            //更新进度条
            $("#progress").width(data);
          }
        });
      },200);
    }
    
  </script>
 </head>
 
 <body>
   <iframe name="aa" style="display: none;"></iframe>
  <h2>带进度条的文件上传效果</h2>
  <form target="aa" id="f1" action="UploadServlet" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
    文件:<input name="file" type="file">
    <input type="button" value="上传" onclick="upload();">
    <div id="progressBar">
      <div id="progress"></div>
    </div>
    <span id="proInfo">上传进度:0%</span>
  </form>
 </body>
</html>

说明:为了让上传后该页面不跳转,我们可以让表单跳转至一个隐藏的iframe。

以上这篇基于fileUpload文件上传带进度条效果的实例(必看)就是小编分享给大家的全部内容了,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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